Greener Pastures: A Beginner’s Guide to Landscaping

Kentucky Landscaping is the process of creating outdoor spaces where people can entertain, lounge and relax. It also offers environmental benefits, such as reducing erosion and improving air quality.


Unity is achieved when a landscape’s elements appear to belong together. This is accomplished by using repeating forms and structures, and creating strong observable lines that guide the eye.

Landscape aesthetics are the characteristics that make an outdoor space pleasant to look at. They include a combination of factors, such as color, form, and texture, and can be used to create unified designs. These design elements are often used to evoke specific emotions in the viewer. For example, cooler colors can represent calmness and tranquility, while warmer colors like red and yellow convey warmth and friendliness. They are also important for creating a sense of place.

Landscaping is a great way to add value to your property, as well as make it more enjoyable for you and your family. While many people believe that landscaping is a costly endeavor, it can actually be quite affordable if you choose the right materials and plan your design carefully. A good starting point is to look at your home and decide what style of landscaping will best suit its architectural features. After that, consider the different plants and hardscaping materials available in your area, and compare prices to find the best deals.

In terms of aesthetics, landscaping is a highly personal choice that can be affected by cultural and environmental values. In general, people prefer to spend time in attractive outdoor settings. This enjoyment can lead to psychological and emotional benefits, including improved mood and lower stress levels. Moreover, landscapes can help in the preservation of natural and cultural heritage, which is a vital part of sustainable development.

There are two main approaches to the field of landscape aesthetics: objective and subjective. The former relies on the judgment of experts, while the latter is based on perception and evaluation by the public. However, the results from these two approaches can vary widely. For this reason, it is important to consider the preferences of both experts and the public when evaluating landscape aesthetics.

Aesthetics in landscape are the visual characteristics that give a garden its appeal. Aesthetics are often influenced by a variety of factors, such as the shape and size of a plant, its color and texture, and the way it is planted. Aesthetics can also be influenced by the scent of a plant. The use of different forms of a plant can also add interest to a landscape. For example, spiky forms can be paired with soft and mounding forms to provide contrast.


A landscape’s form is its overall three-dimensional shape. While lines are two-dimensional, form incorporates the third dimension and is determined by how the plants are placed in the space as well as the materials used. Form can be achieved by using different shapes of plants and even utilizing water features to create visual movement and interest in the design. A landscaper must balance the use of form with hardscape and softscape in order to ensure a harmonious and balanced garden.

Landscaping has many practical benefits for homeowners. It can improve the resale value of a home, reduce utility bills by providing shade and creating energy savings, and help to control erosion and pollution. In addition, landscaping can enhance the health and well-being of the homeowner by offering a place for relaxation and exercise.

To get a good idea of what landscape style you want, look at free online resources that feature photos of landscapes and homes, or visit your local garden center. You can also download a landscaping app on your smartphone to help you envision how the finished product will look. Then, consult with a professional to implement your ideas.

When choosing plants, consider the soil conditions and typical weather of your area when making a choice. This will help you select plants that can thrive in your environment and prevent the need for additional maintenance. Incorporating hardscape features into your garden also helps to make the space more functional and appealing. For example, patios and walkways can add seating or cooking areas to your landscape while retaining walls can be a great way to prevent soil erosion.

Incorporate the elements of your landscape into the design of your home to add a unique touch to its appearance. For instance, if you have stone on the exterior of your house, try to match that color in the hardscaping of your garden. This will allow the garden and home to blend seamlessly together for a cohesive look.

To qualify for tax-exempt treatment, a landscaping project must be a capital improvement. A landscaper should get a properly completed Form ST-124, Certificate of Capital Improvement, from the customer before performing any taxable work on the property. This should be kept in the landscaper’s records for future reference.


Landscaping is much more than adding trees and plants to your property. It also involves the construction of hardscapes and structures. Hardscaping includes items like retaining walls, stone stairs and walkways. These elements can help with drainage and improve the flow of water through your yard. This can reduce standing water, which can cause weeds, mildew and algae to grow. It can also prevent erosion and flooding in areas that are prone to these issues.

Landscape function is a term that refers to the landscape’s ability to provide goods and services to people. The term differs from ecosystem function, which is the capacity of a natural system to provide those services. Landscaping functions include aesthetic, ecological and social functions.

Aesthetic functions of landscapes include the way a landscape looks and how it makes people feel. These aspects are important because they influence how people interact with the environment. In addition, a well-designed and maintained landscape can increase the value of your property.

Ecological functions of landscapes include the ability to provide food, shelter and other resources. They also provide environmental benefits such as water filtration, soil stabilization and carbon sequestration. These functions are important for the survival of humans and other animals. In addition, they can help control pollution, reduce erosion and maintain a more comfortable temperature in buildings.

Social functions of landscapes include the ways that landscapes can support and promote a sense of community. They can also enhance the quality of life by creating spaces for leisure and recreation. In addition, they can encourage a sense of place and identity by promoting local flora and fauna.

Landscaping is also a valuable tool for managing biodiversity and ecosystem services. It can protect and improve the health of our environment by reducing soil erosion, decreasing the spread of invasive species and promoting the growth of native plants. It can also improve the quality of air by reducing particulate matter and providing shade from sunlight.

While it’s possible for individuals to perform some aspects of landscaping, hiring a professional can save you time and money. They have the experience and knowledge to create a functional, beautiful outdoor space that will add to your home’s value and curb appeal. They can also perform more complex tasks like sod work, installing retaining walls and driveway interlocking. In addition, they use environmentally friendly materials and non-toxic preservatives, stains and paints.


Landscaping is not self-sustaining, and there are many things that need to be done regularly to keep your property looking its best. Landscape maintenance includes lawn care services, trimming trees and shrubs, weeding, water management, and more. It’s important to hire a company that can handle all of these tasks and provide the consistent care needed to maintain your yard’s appearance and function.

Residential landscaping professionals can help you turn your overgrown yard into a relaxing retreat. They have the tools and expertise to create a unique design that will complement your home and add value to your property. In addition to mowing and pruning, they can also install sod, create garden areas, reseed existing grass, and provide other services. They can also help you choose the right plants for your climate and soil type. They can recommend native plants that are easy to grow and require minimal watering. Landscaping can have a positive impact on the environment by increasing biodiversity and decreasing pollution. It can also increase energy efficiency by blocking wind from your house and reducing heat loss. Landscaping can also help to reduce erosion, reducing the need for chemicals and preserving soil quality.

It is essential to understand the difference between landscape maintenance and construction. Maintenance is the ongoing care of a landscape, while construction builds something new into the landscape. For example, laying sod is considered landscape construction as it improves the functionality of the landscape. Landscape construction can also include building structures such as a patio or retaining wall.

The most successful landscaping projects combine form and function. They are visually appealing and enhance the overall appeal of a property. However, you must have a clear vision of what you want your yard to look like before beginning the process. You should also know your budget before making any final decisions. The most important thing is to find a reliable landscaping construction company that will do an amazing job.

When it comes to choosing a landscaping company, you should consider their reputation and experience. Read online reviews to determine if they are trustworthy and can deliver on their promises. A reputable landscaping company will have a team of professional and skilled workers that will make sure your project is completed on time and within your budget.

Important Elements of Landscaping

Landscape design is the addition of plants, changes to the terrain, and construction of structures like fences, decks, retaining walls, or water features. It also involves regular maintenance to keep the property healthy and looking good.


Form themes include geometric shapes for hardscapes and curvilinear designs for plantings. There should be a smooth transition between the various forms in the landscape. Contact Y&L Landscaping for professional help.

Color is one of the most important and challenging elements to work with in landscape design. It can draw the eye and highlight a specific area, create focal points, balance and harmonize spaces, and change throughout the seasons.

Different colors evoke distinct emotions and have a variety of effects on the people who use and enjoy them. Warm colors like orange, yellow, and red can boost energy and excitement while cooler colors like blue, green, and purple encourage relaxation and calm. Understanding these differences and using them strategically can help a landscape designer achieve the desired mood for a garden.

Landscape professionals also consider the relationship between color and form in a planting. Plants come in a wide array of shapes and sizes from the tall, imposing structure of a tree to the delicate branching pattern of an evergreen shrub. Choosing the right combination of flowers, plants, and trees can help a landscape design create a unified appearance.

Another important consideration is color harmony, or the way that different colors relate to each other. Typically, a landscape designer will want to avoid extreme variations in color. Too many different colors can be overwhelming to the eye, and they may compete with each other instead of blending together smoothly. The use of a color wheel is often helpful when planning a landscaping color scheme.

In addition to coordinating colors, the landscape designer should also consider the colors of buildings and other hardscape features. This is especially important if the landscaping will be around a house or other building. The designer may choose to match the building color and extend it into the yard, or they may choose to contrast with it for dramatic effect.

Finally, the landscape designer will need to think about the sky. This can make or break a landscape picture. A beautiful blue sky with white clouds can enhance the beauty of a landscape, but a cloudy or threatening sky can detract from it. A good landscape designer will be able to find the perfect balance between land and sky.


Landscape lines draw the eye through a space and influence the way we perceive it. Lines can be horizontal, vertical, diagonal or curved. They can be real (actual) or perceived (implied). Using lines correctly can emphasize or de-emphasize features in the landscape and create visual rhythm and balance.

Lines can define plant beds and hardscape elements such as walkways, fences or patio pavers. They can also help separate or tie spaces together. There are three types of landscape lines: bedline, garden line and hardscape line. Bedline lines are created when the edge of a garden or planting bed meets another surface material like turf, groundcover, mulch or gravel. Garden lines are created when a plant or structure reaches out beyond a landscape feature like a pathway, driveway or fence. Hardscape lines are created by the edges of built structures such as buildings, walls and patios.

Straight lines give a sense of function and stability; they are linear, direct and can be seen from afar. They often appear in formal gardens and symmetrical landscape features. They can be accentuated with repetition of plantings along their length or by repeating patterns in the landscape materials themselves.

Curved lines add an informal, natural and relaxed character to a landscape design. They can be smooth and flowing or more rugged and organic. Garden paths and plant bedlines that follow a curved line are often used to create these types of lines.

Upward lines accentuate a vertical element such as tall trees or structural features such as arbors and make a landscape feel larger. They can also be calming and restful when viewed from a lower vantage point.

Horizontal lines pull the eye across the landscape plane and can make a space feel larger. They can be calming and restful or they can be used to divide or tie spaces together. Low lines can be used to define a garden, a pathway or a seating area and are often created with low garden walls, walkways or hedges.

In the commercial landscape, sight lines can be used to guide visitors through a property or around a large site. Specimen plants, unique trees, water features or seating areas can all be used to create dramatic sight lines. Limiting long views and incorporating multiple focal points throughout the property will help create a more calming and enjoyable experience for customers.


When it comes to landscaping, most people think of color first, but texture is an equally important part of the design process. Texture is not only the physical feel of a plant, it also impacts the way plants interact with light and shadow in the landscape. Using both coarse, medium and fine textures in the landscape can create a range of visual effects that help to make a garden or yard feel more interesting and unique.

Coarse texture is created by large leaves with bold outlines or deep veins, thick branches and twigs and rough bark. These types of textures create a dramatic impact in the landscape. Medium texture is often a result of the overall shape of the plant. It can be created by the combination of different shapes or sizes of foliage, but may also include varying textures and colors of plants in the same planting bed.

Fine-textured plants have smaller leaves and flowers, such as the fronds of grasses and perennials or the delicate petals of roses. The use of these plants can unify a landscape and add a touch of elegance to the garden. They can also be used to soften the hardscapes of a landscaping project by creating a backdrop for shrubs and flowering plants.

The subtle use of texture can also influence the perception of distance and scale in a landscape. By placing coarse-textured plants closest to the viewer, with medium textures in the middle and fine-textured varieties in the back, the garden can feel larger and more expansive. The opposite arrangement, where the coarsest textures are in the front and the finest ones are at the rear, tends to make a garden feel closed in and small.

While the most common ways to add texture to a landscape are through plantings, it is possible to incorporate texture into the landscape without adding actual plants. For example, if a homeowner has a smooth hardscape like stone or concrete patios and walkways, bringing in some pops of texture through the use of woven baskets, wicker furniture and heavy linen fabrics can provide contrast and balance to the space. The use of textured mulch or decorative stonework can also serve to complement the landscape while adding additional texture.


Balance is an important element of landscape design that creates harmony and equilibrium in your outdoor space. It can be achieved through symmetrical or asymmetrical balance, and it involves the careful distribution of visual weight to make your landscape seem effortless. Symmetrical balance is the easiest form of balance to understand, and it involves creating a mirror image on either side of an axis. This type of balance works well with formal designs and helps evoke a sense of elegance and serenity in your garden or yard.

Asymmetrical balance is a little more complex, and it can be achieved through the use of curves and meandering pathways. This type of balance also works well with informal and rustic landscapes, as it can add a natural feel to your outdoor spaces. Asymmetrical balance can be achieved by using contrasting plant colors, textures, leaf structures, and sizes to draw the eye’s attention. It can also be accomplished through the strategic use of negative space and balancing asymmetry with proportion.

In both symmetrical and asymmetrical landscapes, it is important to consider the size of your plants and other features when designing your landscape. Proportion is a key component of balance, and it refers to the relationship between the size of your plants and the overall size of your landscape. When designing your landscape, it is important to keep in mind the scale of your space and the size of each plant when choosing the right size and type of tree, shrub, or flower.

Another important aspect of balance is achieving consistency and unity in your landscape design. A lack of balance can often be caused by overcrowding your garden with different plants, colors, and styles. Creating a uniform look in your landscape can help tie the design together and create a cohesive, intentional, and beautiful overall look. A great way to achieve this is through repetition. By repeating similar elements throughout the landscape, such as a matching group of plants or color or a hardscape feature, you can unify the design and create a sense of balance.